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Thésis [Edition 03]

Tourism and Coastal Areas: Spatial Transformations, Urban Fragmentation and Social Exclusion in the Brazilian Northeast

Luciano M. Abreu, Aline N. Costa

Abstract

This paper o ers some re ections on the role of interventions and urban renovations carried out as a function of tourism in the Bra- zilian context, with reference to previous studies on urban inter- vention projects implemented under the Programa de Desenvolvi- mento do Turismo no Nordeste (PRODETUR/NE). We adopt the hypothesis that such interventions and urban projects are present- ed as the new frontier in the accumulation process, expansion and reproduction of capital, due to the speci c characteristics of the ac- tivity and the model adopted in its implementation. The analytical basis are the spatial transformations generated by the actions for the development of tourism, as well as the implications of social, economic and spatial order arising out of such transformations. The analysis is centered on the actions of PRODETUR/NE undertaken in Natal in the State of Rio Grande do Norte. The argument considers that the distinction and di erence as requirements for tourism de- limiting territories and establish speci c rules in its appropriation. The distinction and di erence as a goals comes through spatial transformations and territorial reorganization. As a result of spatial transformations, it is observed on the one hand, the increase in the value of these areas, and the other, a dispossession process of original social and economic practices, jettisoning the local peo- ple of the bene ts of the investments. Thus the e ort and public investment involved in tourism development have not been able to sustain, as propagated in the o cial speech, improving the lo- cal population quality of life, although it produces some bene ts. Instead, the result, in the intra-urban space is the intensi cation of the process of segregation and fragmentation of the urban fab- ric, encouraged, promoted and accelerated the implementation of public policies and resources. 


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